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A Simulation environment can be defined as a platform where different types of distributed simulation components are integrated to realise dynamic scenarios influencing natural or artificial infrastructures under controlled laboratory conditions. Synthetic simulation environments are useful and adopted for training of operators in high risk environments, to discover, analyse and understand threats and vulnerabilities, and to test and demonstrate potential solutions - in this case MIT-components, tools, and identified best practices

The IRRIIS synthetic environment will be focused on the simulation of LCCI behaviour, considering that an LCCI is represented by three different information layers: physical, cyber and management layer.

Layout of Simulation Environment (SimCIP)

Layout of Simulation Environment (SimCIP)

This figure visualises the architecture of the synthetic environment considering the “electricity infrastructure” as a “home LCCI”. The architecture consists of the following elements:

  1. The Electricity Simulator is based on an electricity network where the calculation of the power-flows is based on power flow algorithms.
  2. The EMS/SCADA Emulator emulates the behaviour of the SCADA system and the principal energy management functions that are normally executed by the electricity supervisory and control systems. This system acquires / sends data to / from the electricity simulator, and includes the protection and control infrastructure. The emulator will take into account relationships with communication assets and equipments of the telecommunication infrastructure.
  3. The Operator Model Emulator simulates the principal functions executed during the normal operation by infrastructure operators.
  4. Attacks & Failures Generator: The tasks of this component are to introduce anomalies and failures - identified by the risk analysis - into the normal LCCI operation.
  5. Remote LCCI components: The Task of the remote LCCI components is to provide information about the status of dependent infrastructures (e.g. telecommunication, transportation), which may influence the behaviour of the electricity infrastructure
  6. Services Exchanger: This component is an interface between home and remote infrastructures that manages and interprets the data exchange.
  7. The interface to MIT add-on components is a software interface hosting the new add-on components developed in the IRRIIS IP. The simulation inside the environment can be realised with and without components installed on such interface, as such components are “add-on”.

SimCIP will be realized by agent based micro simulation from Fraunhofer Institute IAIS.

Mr. Rüdiger Klein, Fraunhofer IAIS